ASEAN Community – Jakarta Indonesia is a member of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations or Association of Southeast Asian Nations). ASEAN is a regional organization that facilitates cooperation between 10 countries in Southeast Asia.
However, do you already know the process of forming ASEAN and the objectives of establishing ASEAN?
The founders of ASEAN want to create a region that is peaceful, safe, stable and prosperous in Southeast Asia.
This was stated because the situation in the regions in the 1960s was facing a conflict-prone situation, namely the struggle for the influence of the ideologies of big countries and conflicts between countries in regions that could not be controlled which could disturb the state. More. Area and thus hinder development.
After knowing the context for the formation of ASEAN, it is important to know the goals of ASEAN. Knowing the goals of ASEAN, you can learn about the benefits of ASEAN for our country, and what actions ASEAN will take in the future.
Therefore, it is important for us to know the goals of ASEAN. Read the article below to the end. Don’t forget to share articles about ASEAN’s goals with your friends so that they will also know the purpose of establishing ASEAN.
The objectives for the establishment of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations as outlined in the Bangkok Declaration are:
1- Promote regional peace and stability by respecting justice and public order in relations between countries in the region and respecting the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
2. Encouraging active cooperation and mutual cooperation in matters of mutual interest in the fields of economy, society, engineering, science and management.
3- Assisting each other in the form of training and research facilities in the fields of education, profession, engineering and administration.
4- Cooperate more effectively to increase their agricultural and industrial use, develop trade, study international issues related to commodities, improve means of transportation and transportation, and improve the standard of living of their people.
5. Strengthen the Southeast Asia assessment. Becomes
6. Maintain close and fruitful cooperation with various international and regional organizations which seek to achieve the same goal and explore all possibilities for close cooperation between them.
Basic Principles of ASEAN
The basic principles of ASEAN cooperation, as stipulated in the 1976 Southeast Asian Friendship and Cooperation Agreement, are as follows:
(I) Mutual respect,
(2) National sovereignty and freedom without outside interference,
(4) Peaceful resolution of disputes or disputes,
(5) Avoiding threats and using force / weapons, e
(6) Effective cooperation between members.
Forming the ASEAN Community
During the four decades of its existence, ASEAN has witnessed many important positive changes and developments leading to ASEAN’s maturation.
ASEAN cooperation is now entering a new, more integrated and forward-looking phase with the formation of the ASEAN Community (ASEAN Community) in 2015.
This is strengthened by the adoption of the ASEAN Charter, which in the future will specifically become the legal basis and identity of ASEAN.
The formation of the ASEAN community begins with the commitment of ASEAN leaders to sign the ASEAN Vision 2020 in Kuala Lumpur in 1997 which aspires to become ASEAN as a forward-looking society, living in a peaceful, stable and prosperous environment, united by a partnership that develops in a sustainable manner. dynamic. And a company that cares.
The determination to form an ASEAN Community was reaffirmed at the 9th Summit of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations in Bali in 2003 with the signing of the Second ASEAN Agreement.
The second ASEAN agreement which stipulates that ASEAN will be a safe, peaceful, stable and prosperous society by 2020.
However, at the 12th Summit of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations in Cebu, Philippines, in January 2007, commitment to outreach to the ASEAN community was accelerated from 2020. to 2015 with the signing of the “Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of ASEAN Community Formation in 2015”.
The aim of establishing the ASEAN Community is to further strengthen ASEAN integration in facing the changing international political constellation.
ASEAN fully realizes that ASEAN needs to adjust its perspective to be more open to internal and external problems.
ASEAN countries recognize the need to strengthen solidarity, cohesion and effectiveness of cooperation. Cooperation activities within ASEAN no longer only focus on economic cooperation, but must also be supported by other forms of cooperation in the security, social and cultural fields.
To maintain this balance, the formation of the 2015 ASEAN Community was based on 3 pillars, namely the ASEAN Security Community (ASEAN Political Security Community), the Economic Community of the Association of Nations. Southeast Asia (Economic Community of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations) and the ASEAN social and cultural community.